03 - pavement terms

Helpful Paving Terms

Some phrases in the paving industry may sound very foreign to someone who is not employed in it. To assist you in becoming more familiar with what our concrete paving firm does, we have provided a glossary of terminology with definitions.


Crushed stone, sand, and gravel are combined to create a substance that serves as the foundation for concrete.


when an area of cracked asphalt contains several cracks. Alligator skin is often how the area appears.

An organic liquid called asphalt is utilized as a surface agent when combined with sand or gravel.


the components that go in place before the asphalt but after the subgrade for a paved area. Crushed stone, sand, or gravel are all acceptable bases.

Base Failing

When the foundational material becomes unable to hold the weight of a building or car, this happens. Asphalt-like craters are what base failures resemble.


Asphalt also goes by this name.


any time a piece of machinery is utilized to further compact soil, sand, or another base material.


is a liquid substance that is composed of cement, sand, gravel, and water that hardens into stone.


the pavers in a row.


on soil or rocks, a white powdery deposit. When mineral-rich water rises to the surface and evaporates, it generates efflorescence, which typically happens in dry areas.


putting together components that wouldn’t often be put together. Taking the emulsifying agent and water-based asphalt emulsion as an illustration.


Crack-filling material that doesn’t necessarily seal cracks but is injected into them to fill them.

Heave of Frost

Pavers float upward when water collects in the spaces between them and below them, freezes, expands, and then thaws. Frost heave is the term for this.

Stabilizer for Joint Sand

a stabilizer that is mixed with joint sand to stop it from shifting, loosing, or sprouting weeds or moss.


paving a road by using paving equipment to lay down hot asphalt.


constructing a new portion of pavement after removing an old, damaged one.


Paving pieces are made of a range of materials, including stone, brick, rubber, concrete, and more. They also come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors.

Concrete Splitter

an apparatus for dismantling old pavement. able to work manually, mechanically, or with hydraulic assistance.


a substance that strengthens the bond between the asphalt and the base and seals the subgrade and base materials.


utilizing metal or wooden tools to level the sand bedding.


a liquid coating that enhances the asphalt’s natural color while shielding it from the elements.


putting the sealer on asphalt in this manner.


a newly paved area’s foundation is made of prepared dirt.

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